[Quick Summary: Troy and Rose, a black couple in 1957, struggle with life's disappointments and unexpected curve balls.]
I used to be a self-righteous script snob: "You can't do...", "You shouldn't do..."
I say "self-righteous" because I'd read a lot of books on writing scripts and listened to a lot of podcasts about scriptwriting, but had not actually READ a lot of scripts.
Then I read and studied a lot of scripts. A lot, a lot, a lot. It took longer than I'd liked.
This screenplay, Fences, is in play format.*
My former self would've screeched, "That's wrong formatting!"
But my wiser self today says: "Who says it's wrong? It works here. That's smart."
This script was written this director and cast, some of whom had done the play.
It delivered what was needed to tell the story (characters, tone, mood, etc.), and little of what is not (ex. details on the house).
Note how the writer lays out the essentials (character, conflict), i.e., Rose's contradictions let us know that Troy is a unreliable narrator. All else is imagination.
ex. "ROSE: I told him if he wasn't the marrying kind, then move out they way so the marrying kind could find me.
TROY: That's what she told me. "Nigger, you in my way. You blocking the view! Move out the way so I can find me a husband." I though it over two or three days. Come back -
ROSE: Ain't no two or three days nothing. You was back the same night.
TROY: Come back, told her... "Okay, baby...but I'm gonna buy me a banty rooster and put him out there in the backyard...and when he see a stranger come, he'll flap his wings and crow..." Look here, Bono, I could watch the front door by myself...it was that back door I was worried about.
ROSE: Troy, you ought not talk like that. Troy ain't doing nothing but telling a lie.
TROY: Only thing is...when we first got married...forget the rooster...we ain't had no yard!"
WHAT I'VE LEARNED: Forget "rules." Use whatever works to convey your story.
(Ok, ok, there are guidelines that might help, but I don't like calling them 'rules.')
by August Wilson
Based on his play
* Fences was originally a stage play, and was adapted into a screenplay by the playwright.